The genetic connections between humans and chimpanzees, whether they be our approximately 99% shared DNA or through our culture, remind me that some of the most human traits we possess are also some of our most animalistic.
At first, humans set ourselves apart from other animals by claiming we were the only creatures to use tools: chimps, among others, share this behavior. Us humans have led ourselves to believe that our culture sets us apart from the animal kingdom. But as Ed Yong, author of I Contain Multitudes, writes in his The Atlantic article Chimpanzees Are Going Through a Tragic Loss, “many scientists have come to accept the existence of animal cultures”.
In a chimpanzee community —a group of adult males, females, and the young— chimps observe each other and by doing so, learn new skills and behaviors. Each chimp contributes unique skills, dare I say perspectives, to their community, the elders serving as history museums. Spanning across equatorial Africa, chimpanzee behavior varies by differing skills and practices, not just by ecological variances. In other words, chimpanzees problem solve, they adapt and have practices, they remember and learn— chimpanzees have culture.
Our human perspectives all too often are unaware of, or disregard, the culture and nuances of others, whether they be humans or other animals. From my experience, especially with art, I’ve learned to crave the documentation and conservation of the thoughts and creations our culture produces. Yet as Yong puts it, “We care about the loss of our own cultures. We work to document languages that are going extinct. We store old art in museums. […] It seems shortsighted—unimaginative, even—to be so concerned with our own traditions, but so blasé about those of our closest cousins, especially when we’ve only just started to appreciate how rich their cultural landscape can be.”
EXPLORATION: A five minute read: broaden your perspective on animal culture by reading Ed Young’s article.
EDUCATION: Learn about the nuances of chimpanzee behavior, and how we can conserve them as a species and a culture, by taking Duke University’s free MOOC (massive online open course) Chimpanzee Behavior and Conservation on Coursera. We completed the course and loved it.
This article originally appeared as Day 262 on BFWP’s Sister Project CognEYEzant. CognEYEzant was a 365-day art project by The Thinker. Every day for a year she creates a piece of art that represents an eye, much of the art is accompanied by articles like this one. Check out the project here and/or follow CognEYEzant’s Instagram @introvertinthewindow.
(Image: Day 262 art, Ed Yong)